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Close × – Won hyo poomse ( International Taekwondo ) Federation martial arts | AFRICASIAEURO
Won Hyo Taekwondo International federation poomse ; Taekwondo I.T.F. This poomse is one of the last before 1st Dan exam.
Taekwondo Forms: ATA, ITF, WTF

Taekwondo Forms
A “form” in Taekwondo is a choreographed series of moves, which can be performed with or without a weapon, for the purpose of interval cardio training and the development of proper mental and physical technique. They are more akin to exercise and conditioning than combat, while also displaying the artistic possibilities of Taekwondo. In competitions, Taekwondo forms are judged by a panel of judges, who evaluate the Taekwondo forms based on criteria such as energy, precision, control, and speed.
Taekwondo forms are given different Korean names based on the organization of the respective dojo.
In unaffiliated, Traditional Taekwondo, forms are called Hyeong.
In ATA (American Taekwondo Association) and WTF (World Taekwondo Federation), forms are called Poomsae.
In ITF (International Taekwondo Federation) style, forms are called Teul.
Types of Taekwondo Forms
Traditional Taekwondo: Because Traditional Taekwondo is unaffiliated and therefore non-standardized, its collection of forms is a massive amalgamation from often widely differing schools. There are no “standard” forms for Traditional Taekwondo.
ITF Taekwondo Forms: There are 24 ITF Taekwondo forms, (Teul), developed primarily in the 1960s. ITF Taekwondo represents the first attempt to unify and standardize the martial art.
ITF White Belts do not do forms, but rather simple exercises. As students move up in Taekwondo belts, the forms get increasingly complex.
In increasing belt order, the ITF Taekwondo Forms are:
Chon Ji – Means “Heaven-Light”, referring to the beginning of the world, and is appropriate for a beginner entering the world of Taekwondo.
Dan-Gun – Named after the founder of the first kingdom of Korea in 2333 BCE. Of course, he’s the grandson of the god of Heaven.
Do-San – Named after Ahn Chang-Ho, whose pen-name was Dosan, a prominent Korean independence activist and leader of the Korean-American immigrant community in the US.
Won-Hyo – Named after the important thinker and writer in Korean Buddhist tradition.
Yul-Gok – Named after the great Korean philosopher Yi I (Yul-Gok was his pseudonym), called the Confucius of Korea, who theorized about Chi being the controlling agent of the Universe.
Joong-Gun – Named after the Korean patriot who assassinated the Prime Minister of Japan.
Toi-Gye – Named after the Yi-Hwang, the authoritative Korean Noe-Confucian scholar.
Hwa-Rang – Named after the group of scholar-warriors famous in the tradition of the Korean military.
Choong-Moo – Named after the undefeated Korean admiral Yi Soon-Sin, who saved Korea from collapse due to Japanese invasion in 1592.
ITF Taekwondo Black Belt Forms
Kwang-Gae – Named after the 4th century king of Korea, who expanded the nation’s empire.
Po-Eun – Named after the 14th century Korean poet, scientist, and public servant Chong Mong Chu.
Gae-Baek – Named after the 7th century Korean general, remembered for his brave last stand against overwhelming odds.
Eui-Am – Named after the pseudonym of the 20th century leader of Korean independence Son Byong-Hi.
Choong-Jang – Named after a 14th century Korean general.
Juche – Named after the philosophical concept that man is the master of his destiny.
Sam-Il – Literally translating to March 1st, referring to the 1919 date of the Korean Independence Movement.
Yoo-Sin – Named after the 7th century Korean general, famous for helping unify the country.
Choi-Yong – Named after the 14 century Korean general.
Yon-Gae – Named after the 7th century Korean general.
Ul-Ji – Named after the 7th century Korean general who repelled an invasion of almost a million men.
Moon-Moo – Named after the 7th century Korean king.
So-San – Named after the great 16th century Korean monk who helped organize a force to repel Japanese pirates.
Se-Jong – Named after the 15th century Korean king, who helped develop the Hangul alphabet.
Tong-Il – Denotes the eventual reunification of Korea, divided since 1945.


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